Views:353 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2021-05-17 Origin:Site
We used to use surface water as the main source of drinking water. However, as industrialization and water pollution become a reality, the search for an effective water purification system has become more and more important.
As science and technology continue to improve, more efficient systems in purifying drinking water are invented, established, and standardized. So what exactly are the most efficient ways of purifying drinking water?
The simplest way to purify water in the wild is to boil it. To do this, you will need a container and fire. To actually purify the water, you will need to let it boil steadily for 10 minutes.
Some people say one minute is fine, while others recommend a minimum of seven minutes. In my honest and very frank opinion, the longer you boil water, the less those nasty little sickness-inducing microorganisms will be. Finally, remember that the higher the altitude, the longer the boiling time.
Another way you can make water safe for drinking is to chemically treat it. Some of these chemicals are actually already sold as water purification tablets designed specifically for campers, hikers, and survivalists. These tablets are pretty easy to use.
Simply drop the correct number of tablets into your container filled with water and let the tablets work their magic. Usually, the water is safe to drink after about 30 minutes (so you’ll have to be patient). Be sure to check the manufacturer’s instructions before you use these tablets.
Ordinary household bleach is also a good water purifier if you know what you’re doing, but be careful!
It can remove sediment, bacteria, large parasites and some heavy metals.
Advantages: Quick. The taste of water is not altered significantly.
Disadvantages: Requires filter replacement. It is not effective against viruses.
Water filtration is probably the most common method of purification for personal consumption, mainly because of its versatility and ease of use. Water filtration systems come in many forms and sizes, some of which are even portable. The most common water filtration systems are integrated with household sinks and refrigerators by connecting to the waterline.
For microorganism-free water, a solar still is actually a great device to use when safe drinking water is not readily available.
- Dig a hole or pit in the ground.
- Put your container in the center of the hole/pit to collect the condensed water from the solar still.
- Cover the hole/pit with transparent plastic and fix it tightly by placing dirt or rocks on the plastic around the edges of the hole/pit.
- Then, place a rock or any heavy object on the center of the clear plastic, so it points towards the container. Like a greenhouse, the water in the soil will evaporate and condense on the plastic sheet. When it condenses, the water will run down into the cup.
Whichever method you choose, pay close attention to the signals your body is giving you. Staying hydrated, whether or not you are in a survival situation, is absolutely essential to your well-being.